Know the types of sweeteners
Sweeteners can be categorized into various types. Some of these are defined as below:
- Sugars: These are the types of sweetener that are known as carbohydrates. It contains 4 calories per gram. These can be found naturally in many food items, such as cereals, milk, fruits and vegetables. These can harm your teeth and consists of high glycemic index. For example- glucose, fructose, sucrose, galactose, lactose, trehalose, dextrose and maltose.
- Natural Caloric Sweeteners: One of the oldest forms of sweeteners, these consist of maple syrup and honey. They contain other nutritive qualities along with sugar. The glycemic index is somewhat lower in these forms of sweeteners than sugar. This type of sweeteners should be taken in moderate quantity as it can affect health if taken in large amount. The most common includes Coconut Palm Sugar, Maple Syrup, Sorghum Syrup and Honey.
- Artificial Sweetener: You can find many types of artificial sweeteners in the market, among which some are safe to use. People in Europe and America have been using it for over 120 years. This consists of zero glycemic index and does not cause any harm to the teeth. Some of these include sucralose, neotame, cyclamate, aspartame, Acesulfame K and saccharin.
- Sugar Alcohols: These occur naturally in small amounts in cereals and plants. It consists of fewer calories per gram than sugar. It does not harm the teeth. But on the other side these types of sweeteners can cause bloating or cramps if consumed in excess. These include Lactitol, Erythritol, Xylitol, Maltitol, Isomalt, Sorbitol, Glycerol and Mannitol.